A brief history
This has been created for two reasons. To showcase the spitfire's beauty and amazing history and as a design project using the web tool, Webflow.
Mitchell was passionate about designing the perfect fighter-interceptor. His first iteration of the Spitfire was named the Type 300, a collaboration with Rolls-Royce. The engine used in the this early model was the well known Merlin.
Wingspan: 36ft 10in (11.23m)
Length: 29ft 11in (9.12m)
Height: 11ft 5in (3.48m)
Engine: Rolls-Royce Merlin 45
Max speed: 371mph (597km/h) at 20,000ft (6,096m)
The first Mark I, K9789, officially entered service with No 19 Squadron at RAF Duxford on 4 August 1938.
The early Mark I could reach a speed of 315mph. Its maximum speed was 362mph at 18,500ft. Its combat range was 395 miles, allowing for take-off and 15 minutes of fighting.
Pictured: K9795 of 19 Sqn.
The elliptical wings give the spitfire its iconic silhouette. An elliptical planform is the most efficient aerodynamic shape for an untwisted wing, leading to the lowest amount of induced drag.
The final Spitfire was the Mk. 24. These later models would see use across a range of applications. PR (Photo Reconnaissance), high altitude, ground attack, and even floatplanes.
20,351 Spitfires were manufactured for the Royal Air Force and allied forces. But now only around 240 are known to exist. Just a small number of those are still airworthy today.
When the Spitfire took on a role as a high altitude fighter (Marks VI and VII and some early Mk VIIIs), the standard wing tips were replaced by extended, "pointed" tips which increased the wingspan from 36ft 10in (11.23m) to 40ft 2in (12.24m).
The bravery of the RAF pilots was captured in Prime Minister Winston Churchill's speech on 20 August 1940 when he said: "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few".
Battle of Britain
42 per cent of German planes were shot down by spitfire during the Battle of Britain, a total of 521 aircraft. An average of 27 kills per pilot.